The ILO is the only tripartite U.N. agency. Since 1919, it brings together governments, employers and workers representatives of member States to set labour standards, develop policies and devise programmes promoting decent work for all workers.
ILO’s work on violence and harassment against women is guided by the 1998 Declaration on Fundamental Rights and Principles at Work; the Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention (No. 111) and Recommendation (No. 111), 1958; the Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29); the Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No.182); the Migration for Employment Convention (Revised), 1949 (No. 97); the Migrant Workers (Supplementary Provisions) Convention, 1975 (No. 143); the Workers with Family Responsibilities Convention, 1981 (No.156), the Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989 (No. 169); the Maternity Protection Convention, 2000 (No.183); the Domestic Workers Convention (No. 189) and Recommendation (No. 201) , 2011; the Transition from the Informal to the Formal Economy Recommendation, 2015 (No. 204); and the Employment and Decent Work for Peace and Resilience Recommendation, 2017 (No. 205). The ILO's supervisory system ensures regular monitoring of the application of these Conventions in law and in practice, through the Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations, formed by independent experts, and in the context of the tripartite Committee on the Application of Standards.
Furthermore, the International Labour Conference adopted, in June 2009, the Resolution concerning gender equality at the heart of decent work, which states that gender-based violence in the workplace should be prohibited. They further recommend that policies, programmes, legislation, and other measures, as appropriate, should be implemented to prevent it and that Governments should develop gender equality indicators which could include violence against women in the workplace.
Most recently, the ILO has adopted the Violence and Harassment Convention No.190 and its supplementing Recommendation No.206. The process behind these instruments began in 2015, and – with the recent global outcry against violence and harassment – their adoption could not be more timely or relevant. Convention No. 190 and Recommendation No. 206 are the first international labour standards to provide framework to prevent, remedy and eliminate violence and harassment in the world of work, including gender-based violence and harassment. The Convention includes the specific recognition, for the first time in international law, of the right of everyone to a world of work free from violence and harassment, and sets out the obligation to respect, promote and realize this right.
ILO’s action concerning violence and harassment in the world of work includes sexual harassment, all forms of gender-related discrimination at work, forced labour and trafficking, and child labour. Devoting special attention to women, the ILO addresses violence against migrant workers, pregnant workers and workers with family responsibilities, domestic workers, many of whom are women, as well as indigenous and tribal women. It undertakes policy development, research, operational activities, awareness-raising activities and supervision of the application of the relevant International Labour Standards. The ILO’s approach to violence and harassment against women is embedded within a Decent Work framework and includes preventing discrimination based on gender, exploitation and abuse through the promotion of gender-responsive, regulated and managed migration policies, bilateral and multilateral agreements, maternity protection and labour standards for migrant workers and workers with family responsibilities.
In the context of capacity building, the ILO provides technical support in the area of discrimination, violence and harassment in the world of work to its constituents in a number of countries. Most recently action on policy and legal advice, training and awareness raising has been undertaken in Bahrain, Bolivia, Brazil, Cambodia, Colombia, Kuwait, Jordan, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, occupied Palestinian territory, Peru, Senegal, Thailand and Viet Nam. The ILO Better Work Programme, in partnership with the International Finance Corporation pays specific attention to preventing sexual harassment in the garment industry in Bangladesh, Cambodia, Egypt, Ethiopia, Haiti, Indonesia, Jordan, Nicaragua and Viet Nam. The ILO also contributes to several inter-agency mechanisms concerned with this issue and has launched its own internal anti-sexual harassment campaign.
7. “Safe & Fair” delivers technical assistance and support with the overall objective of making labour migration safe and fair for all women in the ASEAN region. This project is part of the multi-year EU-UN Spotlight View More
7. “Safe & Fair” delivers technical assistance and support with the overall objective of making labour migration safe and fair for all women in the ASEAN region. This project is part of the multi-year EU-UN Spotlight Initiative to Eliminate Violence against Women and Girls and is implemented by the ILO and UN Women.
See: ILO. 2018. “Safe&Fair: Realizing women migrant worker’s rights and opportunities in the ASEAN region”. Available at: https://www.ilo.org/asia/media-centre/multimedia/WCMS_634369/lang--en/index.htm
8. MESAGEN Peru (Mesa de Género de la Cooperación Internacional) supports the Peruvian Government and civil society in the development of strategies and action to promote gender equality, women empowerment and equal opportunities between women and men in Peru. Together with the EU and actors in the United Nations System, the ILO has worked on promoting the prevention of violence against women, especially in the private sector.
Since 2013 the International Training Centre of the ILO (ITCILO) has started to focus more specifically on gender-based violence at work, introducing thematic workshops on the topic in both editions of the ITCILO Gender Academy (2013 and 2015), a View More
Since 2013 the International Training Centre of the ILO (ITCILO) has started to focus more specifically on gender-based violence at work, introducing thematic workshops on the topic in both editions of the ITCILO Gender Academy (2013 and 2015), a major global specialised event on gender equality in the world of work. The workshops provided both formal training and participatory awareness raising sessions such as Forum Theatre. During the years 2012-2015 ITCILO has also introduced half-day Forum Theatre sessions to sensitize ITCILO training participants and staff on GBV, in various regular training courses on gender equality.Hide
ILO's Better Work Programme has conducted trainings on sexual harassment in the garment sector factories targeting workers, supervisors and mid-level managers. The trainings have mainly been conducted in Jordan (more than 40 trainings in 2015 and View More
ILO's Better Work Programme has conducted trainings on sexual harassment in the garment sector factories targeting workers, supervisors and mid-level managers. The trainings have mainly been conducted in Jordan (more than 40 trainings in 2015 and 2016), Cambodia (more than 20 in 2015) and Vietnam. In Lesotho, a roundtable discussion was conducted with workers and managers, followed by training on prevention of sexual harassment. The Programme has also developed toolkits and guidelines to prevent and address sexual harassment in the factories for the different countries.Hide
Based on the lessons learned over these years, and teaming up with FairWear Foundation – which has extensive experience in combating VAW in the textile global supply chain – in 2015 ITCILO has produced a Training Resource Kit on View More
Based on the lessons learned over these years, and teaming up with FairWear Foundation – which has extensive experience in combating VAW in the textile global supply chain – in 2015 ITCILO has produced a Training Resource Kit on Preventing and Addressing Gender-based Violence in Global Supply Chains, which offers information, case studies and other resources to inform, sensitize and build capacities among ILO constituents and various other public and private actors. The Resource Kit will be on-line in April 2016. A face-to-face course on “Addressing Gender-based Violence in the world of work” open to representatives of social partners, gender machineries and NGOs will also take place in Turin in September 2016.Hide
ILO conducted several training sessions on: ILO Recommendation No. 200: The role of the judiciary in safeguarding HIV-related labour rights (Uganda); HIV, labour migration and violence against women (Togo); Gender Equality and VAW Workshop for Judges of the Caribbean (Barbados); gender equality, gender-based violence and “HIV and AIDS and the World of Work” for participants from government institutions, employers and workers organizations as well as the private sector (International Training Centre (ITC), Turin); international and national legal framework, including on VAW, for courts in East Africa (Tanzania). Addressing sexual harassment is part of the ILO Better Work programme's extensive supervisory skills training. Documents and information materials related to the impact of Better Work on women workers in garment factories in developing countries is continuously updated on a dedicated page on the programme's website, "Focus on Women": http://betterwork.org/global/?page_id=3550Hide
Activities on training and capacity building in 2019 include:
Activities on training and capacity building in 2019 include:
1) Conducted open residential courses, focused on practical strategies to prevent and address violence and harassment at workplace level: "Violence and Harassment in the World of Work: what to do?" 19-23 Nov 2018, Turin - Language: English, View More
1) Conducted open residential courses, focused on practical strategies to prevent and address violence and harassment at workplace level: "Violence and Harassment in the World of Work: what to do?" 19-23 Nov 2018, Turin - Language: English, French.
2) (In collaboration with Fair Wear Foudation whithin project "Safe and Equal") tailor-made trainings on prevention of Workplace Violence and Harassment for managers and/or workers' reps of garment factories in Indonesia (sept 2018), Vietnam (Oct 2018) and Myanmar (Dec 2018).Hide
In 2001, ILO established a broad-based technical cooperation programme, the Special Action Programme to combat forced labour, to spearhead ILO activities against forced labour, including trafficking, irregular migration and bonded labour, aimed at addressing all aspects of forced labour. Under this programme, projects have been implemented in Ghana, Nigeria, Brazil, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, the Russian Federation, Indonesia, the Philippines, Malaysia, Hong Kong SAR, and Nepal.Hide
ILO’s Labour Standards Department, in cooperation with ILO’s field offices, provides technical advice on policy and legislation, and conducts training on sexual harassment legislation and policies for constituents. Recently work has been undertaken in this area in the Asian region, in particular Malaysia, China and Pakistan, as well as in the context of the annual training at the ILO training centre in Turin on international Labour standards and gender equality. ILO also implements technical cooperation projects on child labour, migration, trafficking and forced labour in Asia, Africa, and Latin America.Hide
On 21 June 2019 in Geneva, the International Labour Conference adopted the Violence and Harassment in the World of Work Convention (No. 190) and its accompanying Recommendation (No. 206), which are the first-ever international standards on this View More
On 21 June 2019 in Geneva, the International Labour Conference adopted the Violence and Harassment in the World of Work Convention (No. 190) and its accompanying Recommendation (No. 206), which are the first-ever international standards on this topic. The Conference also adopted the ILO Centenary Declaration for the Future or Work, expressing a clear commitment to a world of work that is free from violence and harassment.Hide